Excerpted from Bensky: Chinese Herbal Medicine Materia Medica, 3rd ed.
- Drains heat and eliminates irritability: for heat patterns with fever, irritability, restlessness, stifling sensation in the chest, insomnia, or delirious speech.*
- Clears heat and resolves dampness: for painful urinary dribbling due to damp-heat in the lower burner; damp-heat and constrained Liver and Gallbladder (middle burner) with jaundice; and damp-heat in the Gallbladder and Triple Burner channels of the face, affecting the nose and eyes, or causing sores in the mouth or facial region.*
- Cools the blood and resolves toxicity: for heat in the blood with such symptoms as nosebleed, or blood in the vomit, stool, or urine. For this purpose the herb is partially charred.*
- Reduces swelling and moves blood stasis due to trauma: for this purpose, apply topically as a powder mixed with egg white or vinegar.*