Excerpted from Bensky: Chinese Herbal Medicine Materia Medica, 3rd ed.
- Tonifies the yang, augments the yin, and secures the essence and the urine: for patterns of Kidney yang deficiency with such symptoms as impotence, nocturnal emissions, premature ejaculation, tinnitus, urinary frequency, sore painful back, or vaginal discharge.*
- Tonifies the Kidneys and Liver and improves the vision: for patterns of Liver and Kidney yin and yang deficiency (e.g. deficient essence) with such symptoms as dizziness, tinnitus, blurred vision, or spots before the eyes.*
- Benefits the Spleen and Kidneys and stops diarrhea: for diarrhea or loose stools with a lack of appetite from deficiency of both the Spleen and Kidneys.*
- Calms the fetus: an important herb for habitual or threatened miscarriage.*